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Indirect Object Pronouns in French

The indirect object is a word (or phrase) which joins the verb through a preposition to complete its meaning.  It is a complement to the verb. It represents the person or thing that receives the action of the verb.


  me / m'  


    te / t'  



 him, her









F  Examples:

-       Il lui parle - (He speaks to him/ her).

-       Elle leur achète des jouets – ( She buys toys to them)


F  To recognize the indirect object, you asks questions:

à quoi?

to  what?

de qui?

to who?

de quoi?

 to what?

pour qui?

for whom?

pour quoi?

for what?

contre qui?

 against what?

contre qui?

against whom?



In most cases, the indirect object is introduced by a preposition: "à" / "to" or "de"/"of". But there are sometimes other prepositions (il compte sur ton aide – He is counting on your help)  

F  The indirect object can be:
- A name: Il parle à sa femme - He talks to his wife
- A pronoun: Il lui donne - He gives to him
- An infinitive: Il demande à boire - He asked to drink
- A proposal: Il doute que vous soyez capable - He doubts that you are capable



F  Examples:

-        Je parle à Samantha/ I'm talking to Samantha
To whom am I talking? To Samantha

Il achète des fleurs pour ses sœurs / He buys flowers to his sisters
For whom does he buy flowers? - For his sisters


-       Je vous donne le livre / I'm giving the book to you


-       Elle m'a écrit / She wrote to me


Find the right answer.

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